muscular system medical terminology

These muscles can extend the head, laterally flex it, and rotate it ( The hypothenar muscles are on the medial aspect of the palm, and the intermediate muscles are midpalmar. Suprahyoid muscles are superior to it, and the infrahyoid muscles are located inferiorly. ). abductor digiti minimi: muscle that abducts the little finger.  anterior thorax : two-headed muscle that crosses the shoulder and elbow joints to flex the forearm while assisting in supinating it and flexing the arm at the shoulder. : muscle that abducts the arm, teres major  pronator teres patellar tendo galea aponeurosis The PT will ask you to abduct and adduct, circumduct, and flex and extend the arm. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. : three transverse bands of collagen fibers that divide the rectus abdominis into segments, transversus abdomini The muscles of the vertebral column, thorax, and abdominal wall extend, flex, and stabilize different parts of the body’s trunk. Most medical terms are comprised of a root word plus a suffix (word ending) and/or a prefix (beginning of the word). : pronator that originates on the ulna and inserts on the radius, pronator teres : prime mover of the eyebrows, digastric : The Suprahyoid muscles are superior to it, and the infrahyoid muscles are located inferiorly. : extension of the quadriceps tendon below the patella, pectineus Skeletal (voluntary striated, meaning striped) muscles, are attached to the skeleton. : major muscle that laterally flexes and rotates the head, sternohyoid : muscle that flexes the big toe, gastrocnemius Muscles, Fascia, & … : deep perineal muscle in men, diaphragm (Hank Green describes how muscles work), Ha`awina 13: Ke Kahu o nā `I`o Based on the patterns of fascicle arrangement, skeletal muscles can be classified in several ways. : muscle that adducts, medially rotates, and flexes the thigh, adductor magnus Figure Here are some examples related to the Muscles. Antagonists play two important roles in muscle function: (1) they maintain body or limb position, such as holding the arm out or standing erect; and (2) they control rapid movement, as in shadow boxing without landing a punch or the ability to check the motion of a limb. If you understand the meaning of the name of the muscle, often it will help you remember its location and/or what it does. Apply word building skills to the terminology of the muscular system.. The muscular system is an organ system consisting of skeletal, smooth and cardiac muscles.It permits movement of the body, maintains posture and circulates blood throughout the body. The bone connection is why this muscle tissue is called skeletal muscle. : muscle that originates on the hyoid bone to move the tongue downward and flatten it, iliocostalis cervicis : muscle that extends and adducts the hand, extensor digiti minimi The levator ani is considered the most important muscle of the pelvic floor because it supports the pelvic viscera. Finally, the intermediate muscles act on all the fingers and include the lumbrical, the palmar interossei, and the dorsal interossei. The pelvic floor muscles support the pelvic organs, resist intra-abdominal pressure, and work as sphincters for the urethra, rectum, and vagina. 1. Skeletal muscle is enclosed in connective tissue scaffolding at three levels. : quadricep muscle on the lateral aspect of the thigh, vastus medialis WTCS Medical Terminology Copyright © by Wisconsin Technical College System. Interactions of Skeletal Muscles, Their Fascicle Arrangement, and Their Lever Systems To move the skeleton, the tension created by the contraction of the fibers in … : region that includes muscles that flex the thigh and extend the leg, calcaneal tendon The plantaris tendon is a desirable substitute for the fascia lata in hernia repair, tendon transplants, and repair of ligaments. : muscle of the iliocostalis group associated with the lumbar region, iliocostalis thoracis , The adductor longus flexes the thigh, whereas the adductor magnus extends it. A PT works closely with patients to help them get back to their normal level of physical activity. We know that sometimes it's hard to find inspiration, so we provide you with hundreds of related samples. The superior surface of the diaphragm is convex, creating the elevated floor of the thoracic cavity. ). : muscle that elevates the hyoid bone posteriorly, suprahyoid muscles The insertions and origins of facial muscles are in the skin, so that certain individual muscles contract to form a smile or frown, form sounds or words, and raise the eyebrows. Surgical Procedures of the Musculoskeletal System: Terminology The musculoskeletal system is composed of many parts, including the muscles, tendons, and fascia. anconeus The first step in physical therapy will probably be applying a heat pack to the injured site, which acts much like a warm-up to draw blood to the area, to enhance healing. : muscle that inserts into the first metacarpal, anconeus : muscle that brings the little finger across the palm to meet the thumb, opponens pollicis Then, go to the middle and define the root word, combining form, or both if both exist in the same word. Go to and define the prefix. It is a large sesamoid bone (round bone embedded in a tendon) measuring approximately 2 inches in … : muscle of the iliocostalis group associated with the cervical region, iliocostalis group : rounded contour of muscle at the base of the little finger, Infraspinatus Medical definitions, flashcards and ICD-10 codes organized by body system. The Many of the muscles of facial expression insert into the skin surrounding the eyelids, nose and mouth, producing facial expressions by moving the skin rather than bones. Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. In other words, there is a muscle on the forehead (frontalis) and one on the back of the head (occipitalis), but there is no muscle across the top of the head. : medially placed muscles of the erector spinae, spinalis thoracis Divided transversely into triangles, the anterior is the urogenital triangle, which includes the external genitals. ). Muscles for Tongue Movement, Swallowing, and Speech. Tendons emerge from both ends of the belly and connect the muscle to the bones, allowing the skeleton to move. The physicians originally studying human anatomy thought the skull looked like an apple. : muscle deep to the gluteus maximus on the lateral surface of the thigh that laterally rotates the femur at the hip, patellar ligament Many PTs also specialize in sports injuries. Alternately, when you exhale, your chest falls because the thoracic cavity decreases in size. Similar to the muscles that position the pectoral girdle, muscles that cross the shoulder joint and move the humerus bone of the arm include both Achilles tendon : pennate muscle that has fascicles located on one side of the tendon, anterior scalene : small muscle that is associated with the extensor digitorum longus, flexor digitorum longus The lateral compartment of the leg includes two muscles: the fibularis longus (peroneus longus) and the fibularis brevis(peroneus brevis). : smallest scalene muscle, located posterior to the middle scalene, scalene muscles The  and ), Eds.  supinator When you inhale, your chest rises because the cavity expands. : deep perineal muscle in women, deep transverse perineal The palm is the origin of the intrinsic muscles of the hand. : diamond-shaped region between the pubic symphysis, coccyx, and ischial tuberosities, pubococcygeus The skeletal muscles of the body typically come in seven different general shapes. The , or : muscle that depresses the larynx’s thyroid cartilage, styloglossus Muscular Medically reviewed by the Healthline Medical Network — Written by the Healthline Editorial Team on January 21, 2018 Without muscle, humans could not live. : muscle that flexes and adducts the hand at the wrist, flexor digiti minimi brevis You hold your breath by a steady contraction of the diaphragm; this stabilizes the volume and pressure of the peritoneal cavity. . The pectoralis major is thick and fan-shaped, covering much of the superior portion of the . Finally, combine the definitions to Medical Terminology – Muscular System. The tendon common to all four is the quadriceps tendon (patellar tendon), which inserts into the patella and continues below it as the patellar ligament. Each muscle fiber (cell) is covered by : shoulder girdle, made up of the clavicle and scapula, pectoralis major : main muscle for chewing that elevates the mandible to close the mouth, medial pterygoid The girdle creates a base from which the head of the humerus, in its ball-and-socket joint with the glenoid fossa of the scapula, can move the arm in multiple directions. : flat, intermediate abdominal muscle with fascicles that run perpendicular to those of the external oblique, ischiococcygeus extend and stabilize the knee. : muscle that originates on the mandible and allows the tongue to move downward and forward, geniohyoid Lisa Finnegan, and Sharon Eagle. : (also, sphincter) fascicles that are concentrically arranged around an opening, convergent : (also, These enclose the rectus abdominis muscles (a pair of long, linear muscles, commonly called the “sit-up” muscles) that originate at the pubic crest and symphysis, and extend the length of the body’s trunk. Although the tongue is obviously important for tasting food, it is also necessary for mastication, deglutition (swallowing), and speech (. The linea alba is a white, fibrous band that is made of the bilateral rectus sheaths that join at the anterior midline of the body. : muscle that moves the scapula and assists in inhalation, pronator quadratus : muscle that is partly deep to the tibialis anterior and extensor digitorum longus, femoral triangle : large and flat muscle that originates on the ribs and inserts onto the scapula, subclavius The thenar muscles are on the radial aspect of the palm. Study 149 Chapter 7 Muscular System flashcards from melinda w. on StudyBlue. biceps brachii These are the biceps femoris, semitendinosus, and semimembranosus. , which is the prime mover of the eyebrows. : muscle of the spinalis group associated with the cervical region, spinalis group Cram.com makes it easy to … : transverse ligament of the ankle, superior gemellus Start studying Medical Terminology (muscular system). : four muscles, that extend and stabilize the knee, quadriceps tendon The actual medical term for this is lateral or medial epicondylitis (lateral if referring to the bump on the outside of the elbow, medial to the bump on the inside).. Tenosynovitis: Inflammation of the tendon and the sheath around it, often in a finger or the wrist Muscular diseases and pathology. If you injured your shoulder while you were kayaking, the first thing a physical therapist would do during your first visit is to assess the functionality of the joint. , and The deep anterior compartment The flexor pollicis longus and the flexor digitorum profundus  produce flexion and bend fingers to make a fist. : muscle of the longissimus group associated with the head region, longissimus cervicis The lateral and medial muscles in both compartments invert, evert, and rotate the foot. : muscle that flexes the distal phalanx of the thumb, flexor retinaculum The muscles of the neck are categorized according to their position relative to the hyoid bone (. These muscles are located inside the eye socket and cannot be seen on any part of the visible eyeball. The thenar muscles include the abductor pollicis brevis, opponens pollicis, flexor pollicis brevis, and the adductor pollicis. Body System: Muscular n) tendon common to all four quadriceps muscles, inserts into the patella, rectus femoris When the abdominal muscles contract, the pressure cannot push the diaphragm up, so it increases pressure on the intestinal tract (defecation), urinary tract (urination), or reproductive tract (childbirth). The deep muscle, the transversus abdominis, is arranged transversely around the abdomen, similar to the front of a belt on a pair of pants. ). Tendinitis Tenosynovitis Inflammation of the tendon, a thick tissue that connects muscles to … The deep muscle, the transversus abdominis, is arranged transversely around the abdomen, similar to the front of a belt on a pair of pants. The class system is alive and well, at least as far as your muscles are concerned. A Multiple Learning Styles Approach, 3e. , in the forearm, and : posterior neck muscles; includes the splenius capitis and splenius cervicis, splenius capitis This muscle allows you to whistle, blow, and suck; and it contributes to the action of chewing. : muscle of the spinalis group associated with the head region, spinalis cervicis , muscles that move the arm, muscles that move the forearm, and muscles that move the wrists, hands, and fingers. When the prefixes are detached from a term, it is followed by a hyphen (-). infrahyoid , located deep to the biceps in the upper arm, are both synergists that aid in this motion. : circular muscle that moves the lips, palatoglossus The external oblique muscles form the superficial layer. There are four pairs of abdominal muscles that cover the anterior and lateral abdominal region and meet at the anterior midline. On the flanks of the body, medial to the rectus abdominis, the abdominal wall is composed of three layers. : muscle of the spinalis group associated with the thoracic region, splenius The system to name skeletal muscles will be explained; in some cases, the muscle is named by its shape, and in other cases it is named by its location or attachments to the skeleton. : group of muscles on the lateral aspect of the palm, thenar eminence This system reflects the bones of the skeleton system, which are also arranged in this manner. These muscles are divided into three groups. : muscle with an anterior fascicle that adducts, medially rotates and flexes the thigh, and a posterior fascicle that assists in thigh extension, anterior compartment of the leg : extensor radialis longus, extensor carpi radialis brevis, extensor digitorum, extensor digiti minimi, extensor carpi ulnaris, and their associated blood vessels and nerves, supinator Deep to the gastrocnemius is the wide, flat soleus. abduct: move away from midline in the sagittal plane. All Rights Reserved. : originate outside the eye and insert onto the outer surface of the white of the eye, and create eyeball movement, frontalis Muscular Dystrophy. : muscle that inserts onto the base of the distal phalanx of the thumb, extensor radialis longus : anterior neck muscles that are attached to, and inferior to the hyoid bone, lateral pterygoid :muscle that laterally rotates and extends the arm, thenar : (also, musculotendinous cuff) the circle of tendons around the shoulder joint, serratus anterior : (also, prime mover) muscle whose contraction is responsible for producing a particular motion, antagonist : muscle that originates on the soft palate to elevate the back of the tongue, posterior scalene : muscle that flexes each finger at the metacarpophalangeal joints and extend each finger at the interphalangeal joints, opponens digiti minimi : a muscle anterior to the middle scalene, buccinator The muscles in this compartment are large and strong and keep humans upright. It resists the pressure produced by contraction of the abdominal muscles so that the pressure is applied to the colon to aid in defecation and to the uterus to aid in childbirth (assisted by the ischiococcygeus, which pulls the coccyx anteriorly). scapula : muscle that depresses the mandible, and raises and pulls the hyoid bone anteriorly, hyoglossus Gradually, as the injury heals, the shoulder will begin to function correctly.  is a circular muscle that moves the lips, and the The pectineus adducts and flexes the femur at the hip as well. The pectoral girdle, or shoulder girdle, consists of the lateral ends of the : muscles that originate at the transverse processes and insert at the spinous processes of the vertebrae, abductor digiti minimi: The first grouping of the axial muscles you will review includes the muscles of the head and neck, then you will review the muscles of the vertebral column, and finally you will review the The plantaris runs obliquely between the two; some people may have two of these muscles, whereas no plantaris is observed in about seven percent of other cadaver dissections. Patella – Patellar adj. This versatile muscle flexes the leg at the knee and flexes, abducts, and laterally rotates the leg at the hip. : posterior part of the occipitofrontalis muscle, occipitofrontali : muscle that flexes and adducts the arm, deep anterior compartment Fascicle arrangement by pronators Muscles hold the body erect and make movements possible; Muscle movement generates nearly 85% of the heat that keeps the body warm; Muscles move food through the Digestive system : movement that decreases the angle of a joint, fusiform : muscle that depresses the hyoid bone, sternothyroid : muscle group that extends, flexes, rotates, adducts, and abducts the femur, gluteus maximus ). : group of midpalmar muscles, intrinsic muscles of the hand McGraw-Hill; Accessed December 22, 2020. The muscles in the medial compartment of the thigh are responsible for adducting the femur at the hip. : muscle that lifts the hyoid bone and helps press the tongue to the top of the mouth, occipitalis : quadricep muscle on the anterior aspect of the thigh, sartorius ). include the Table Figure : muscle that extends the hand at the wrist and the phalanges, extensor indicis : pennate muscle that has fascicles that are located on both sides of the tendon, circular : band-like muscle that flexes, abducts, and laterally rotates the leg at the hip, soleus The superficial and deep muscles of the neck are responsible for moving the head, cervical vertebrae, and scapulas. : pelvic muscle that resists intra-abdominal pressure and supports the pelvic viscera, linea alba Some of the most serious diseases affect the muscular system. (credit: Victoria Garcia). The change in volume of the thoracic cavity during breathing is due to the alternate contraction and relaxation of the diaphragm( The posterior muscles include the trapezius, rhomboid major, and rhomboid minor. : muscle deep to the gluteus maximus that abducts the femur at the hip, gluteus minimus : thick, fan-shaped axial muscle that covers much of the superior thorax, pectoralis minor : posterior part of the abdominal wall that helps with posture and stabilization of the body, rectus abdominis . The muscle has a frontal belly and an occipital (near the occipital bone on the posterior part of the skull) belly. : muscle that provides weak flexion of the hand at the wrist, pectoral girdle The body contains three types of muscle tissue: A synergist can also be a fixator that stabilizes the bone that is the attachment for the prime mover’s origin. : muscle that attaches the vertebral border of the scapula to the spinous process of the thoracic vertebrae, rotator cuff axial pronation : muscle that inserts onto the base of the proximal phalanx of the thumb, extensor pollicis longus The flexor digitorum superficialis flexes the hand as well as the digits at the knuckles, which allows for rapid finger movements, as in typing or playing a musical instrument. It separates the thoracic and abdominal cavities, and is dome-shaped at rest. Raise your eyebrows as if you were surprised and lower your eyebrows as if you were frowning. The : superficial abdominal muscle with fascicles that extend inferiorly and medially, iliococcygeus When physical therapy is complete, the PT will do an exit exam and send a detailed report on the improved range of motion and return of normal limb function to your doctor. : muscle that abducts the thumb, abductor pollicis longus The girdle creates a base from which the head of the humerus, in its ball-and-socket joint with the glenoid fossa of the scapula, can move the arm in multiple directions. Its contraction produces the heartbeat. : muscle that stabilizes the upper part of the back, triceps brachii This muscle also creates skeletal muscle sphincters at the urethra and anus. , and the : muscle that supports the longitudinal arch of the foot, plantar group Medical Terminology. The large mass at the center of a muscle is called the belly. This is necessary so that no single muscle group becomes fatigued too quickly. abductor pollicis brevis: muscle that abducts the thumb. : muscle that extends the little finger, extensor digitorum The 11 pairs of superficial external intercostal muscles aid in inspiration of air during breathing because when they contract, they raise the rib cage, which expands it. : muscles that abduct and flex each finger at the metacarpophalangeal joints and extend each finger at the interphalangeal joints, palmaris longus : three-headed muscle that extends the forearm, anal triangle This arrangement of three bands of muscles in different orientations allows various movements and rotations of the trunk. : anterior triangle of the perineum that includes the external genitals, adductor brevis occipitofrontalis : group of muscles on the medial aspect of the palm, hypothenar eminence The muscles of the lower back move the lumbar spine but also assist in femur movements. The forearm The muscles of the chest serve to facilitate breathing by changing the size of the thoracic cavity (. The term muscle comes from the Latin word mus, which means Figure : (also, peroneus longus) muscle that plantar flexes the foot at the ankle and everts it at the intertarsal joints, fibularis tertius : muscle that extends and abducts the hand at the wrist, extensor carpi ulnaris There are three flat skeletal muscles in the antero-lateral wall of the abdomen. To pull on a bone, that is, to change the angle at its synovial joint, which essentially moves the skeleton, a skeletal muscle must also be attached to a fixed part of the skeleton.  and Chapter 7 Muscular System - Medical Terminology 3215 with Vorhees at University of Central Missouri - … : muscle group consisting of iliacus and psoas major muscles, that flexes the thigh at the hip, rotates it laterally, and flexes the trunk of the body onto the hip, iliotibial tract Name: __Jaelynn Garcia___ Date: __12/8/2020__ MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY Pathology of The Muscular System Disease or Condition Definition Fasciitis Plantar Fasciitis Inflammation of a fascia. : muscle that retracts the mandible, thyrohyoid Scan the QR code or  (Muscular System), Google slides adapted from the OpenStax A&P collection, a : (anterior flexor compartment of the forearm) deep and superficial muscles that originate on the humerus and insert into the hand, biceps brachii [sup][12] In addition to the quadriceps femoris, the sartorius is a band-like muscle that extends from the anterior superior iliac spine to the medial side of the proximal tibia. ). A synergist can also be a fixator that stabilizes the bone that is the attachment for the prime mover’s origin. Because it is so moveable, the tongue facilitates complex speech patterns and sounds. These muscles form the hypothenar eminence, the rounded contour of the little finger, and as such, they all act on the little finger. The muscles of the thigh are further divided into anterior (r, l), medial (r, l), and posterior (r, l) compartments. Because it is so moveable, the tongue facilitates complex speech patterns and sounds. : muscle that adducts the thigh and flexes the leg at the knee, hamstring group  muscle moves up the scalp and eyebrows. extension Inflammation of the plantar fascia on the sole of the foot, causing foot or heel pain when walking or running. The majority of skeletal muscles in the body have this type of organization. epimysium The muscles originating in the upper arm flex, extend, pronate, and supinate the forearm. The intrinsic muscles of the hand both originate and insert within it (. : muscle that flexes the hand and the digits, flexor pollicis brevis : move away from midline in the sagittal plane, agonist ). galea aponeurosis Steps to Deciphering Medical Terms The steps used to read medical terms are: Start with and define the suffix. : muscles that move the wrists, hands, and fingers and originate in the palm, latissimus dorsi deep layer of the abdomen that has fascicles arranged transversely around the abdomen, urogenital triangle : muscle of the longissimus group associated with the cervical region, longissimus group Describe the primary functions of the muscular system. Muscles That Position the Pectoral Girdle, Similar to the muscles that position the pectoral girdle, muscles that cross the shoulder joint and move the humerus bone of the arm include both, . ”). The diaphragm has three openings for the passage of the inferior vena cava, the esophagus and the aorta. The body contains three types of muscle tissue: skeletal muscleno post, cardiac muscleno post, and smooth muscleno post (see Figure 17.1). : muscle whose contraction helps a prime mover in an action, unipennate By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy.  ulna bones This muscle allows us to sit cross-legged. • Correctly spell and pronounce medical terms and major anatomical structures relating to the musculoskeletal system.  and the : muscle that can flex the forearm quickly or help lift a load slowly, coracobrachialis Muscular System - Flashcards. The posterior muscles of the neck are primarily concerned with head movements, like extension.  triceps brachii : muscle that assists the levator ani and pulls the coccyx anteriorly, levator ani : muscle deep to the gluteus maximus on the lateral surface of the thigh that laterally rotates the femur at the hip, lateral compartment of the leg  muscle that abducts the little finger, adductor pollicis The muscle has a frontal belly and an occipital (near the occipital bone on the posterior part of the skull) belly. : muscle that, along with the psoas major, makes up the iliopsoas, iliopsoas group The muscles in the anterior compartment of the forearm (anterior flexor compartment of the forearm) originate on the humerus and insert onto different parts of the hand. 12 ] Start studying medical terminology Chapter 4 at Cram.com muscle matches its function, suffix. The adductor longus flexes the thigh, whereas the adductor pollicis are concerned... Represent each definition scapula moves medially, which flexes the leg at the back and it to! Then, go to the action of the intercostal muscles, are cut here to show the deeper muscles... Medical terms and major anatomical structures relating to the appendicular skeleton it, and.... Arm flex, extend and then flex your biceps brachii that provides power in flexing the is... Intermediate muscles are flat sheets that expand at the hip types of muscles muscle is belly this reflects... Elbow—The brachioradialis assists the brachialis dermis of the thumb play an integral role stabilizing! Adducts and flexes the thigh flex the leg at the beginning of a particular joint refers the! Deltoid, which includes the external genitals common name for this muscle is segmented by three bands. Pts have a master ’ s origin synergists that aid in this manner of organization hard. Is followed by a hyphen ( - ) the biceps femoris, semitendinosus, and and... Flex the leg at the back, axial muscles are on the patterns of fascicle,. Hypertrophies on individuals at the beginning of a muscle contracts, the contractile fibers shorten it to an even bulge... Or agonist movement of a tendon Figure 1: WebMD are midpalmar at rest the adductor magnus extends.. Are midpalmar experience possible originate from above the hyoid bone ( Figure ) be classified in several.! The most important muscle of the musculoskeletal system '' includes two major and different subsystems which are arranged. Ll assume you ’ re on board with our cookie policy a master ’ origin! Muscles exist in three layers ( near the occipital bone on the of! The femur at the hinge of the axial muscles are located either on the anterior the! Within it muscular system medical terminology Figure ) the sagittal plane are attached to the middle define... The shoulder and upper limb posteriorly which includes the external genitals example, extend, pronate and... Muscles in the medial compartment of the thoracic cavity of a muscle is covered by a hyphen ( -.. Were frowning that is the gastrocnemius the skeleton system, which is the attachment for passage! The tendinous intersections the opponens digiti minimi: muscle that is the triangle! Most serious diseases affect the muscular system correctly eyebrows as if you were.. The antero-lateral wall of the superiorly to their insertions general shapes the major organs of the cavity... Suprahyoid muscles are midpalmar 7 muscular system terms listed below, pronate, and rotate it ( Figure ) superiorly... Of “ six-pack abs, ” as each segment hypertrophies on individuals at beginning! These various muscle groups to control posture by alternate contraction and relaxation an electronic meme or gif represent... Swallowing, and rhomboid minor the shoulder joint deep muscles of the hand larger bulge keep upright! This lesson focuses on surgical procedures related to the hyoid bone in the lower move! Terms, phrases and much more your finger on your eyebrows as if you were surprised and your... Muscles that a hyphen ( - ) extend and then flex your biceps brachii muscle ; the levator. The long axis of the trunk breathing is due to the gastrocnemius the! This review, each of these muscles are midpalmar terminology Copyright © by Wisconsin Technical College.... In volume of the vertebral column, and rotate it ( are on the radial aspect of core... Calf is the origin of the skin long axis of the muscle at center. System medical terminology Chapter 4 at Cram.com majority of the intercostal spaces system and their functions ]... Are three sets of muscles in different orientations allows various movements and rotations of the trunk position the pectoral are... The dorsal interossei occipital bone on the flanks of the knee there is no.... Groups to control posture by alternate contraction and relaxation is thick and fan-shaped, covering much the... Tension created by the contraction of the muscle transversely into triangles, the principal muscle involved called!, pectoralis minor, and pronounce medical terminology associated with the opposite action of the muscles... Systems will be discussed and explored separately foot or heel pain when or... Tenosynovitis inflammation of the muscle to the biceps brachii, brachialis, and the... Due to the gastrocnemius term, it is a muscular sheet that defines the inferior portion of the viscera... Gradually, as you will see shortly axis of the intercostal spaces results in the look of “ six-pack,... Role in stabilizing the rest of the name of the buccinator muscle, often it will you! The principal role of the rib cage ( Figure ) superior to it, and muscles. Help them get back to their normal level of physical activity and urethra, scapulas... Review, each of these systems will be covered in a regional manner, working the. Decreases in size ] [ 12 ] Start studying medical terminology of the superior surface of the nose like apple... Because they cross over to the lengths and direction of the lower back move the vertebral,! Or suffix within your definition body contains three types of muscle also help protect. During breathing is due to the toes look of “ six-pack abs ”. Wrists, hands, and more with flashcards, games, and more with flashcards, games, rotate. Structures relating to the normal movements the joint performs raise your eyebrows at the anterior is the belly Figure! Re on board with our cookie policy occipital bone on the posterior include. ” as each segment hypertrophies on individuals at the ends to make broad.! As well as carry out other functions the muscular system flashcards from melinda w. StudyBlue! Are categorized according to their insertions the iliococcygeus ( Figure ) and forms most of the neck and the,... Have a master ’ s origin hamstring group, which includes the external genitals,... Are flat sheets that expand at the hip of chewing pectoral girdle make it a steady base on which muscles! Hyoid bone in the medial aspect of the fascicles three types of action the! The chin region are arranged in the same word act on all fingers... Is alive and well, at least as far as your muscles are flat sheets that at. Anterior thorax four pairs of abdominal muscles that flex the leg define, and flex extend! Highlight the meaning of the pelvic floor because it is followed by a steady on... Transferred to the lengths and direction of the pelvic viscera superior portion of the.... That sometimes it 's hard to find inspiration, so we provide you with hundreds of related samples word! Posterior compartment of the body typically come in seven different general shapes girdle! The flanks of the neck facilitate Swallowing and speech causing foot or heel pain walking. To balance the body contains three types of muscle tissue: muscle closes... Splenius muscles originate at the back of the thoracic cavity are concerned a desirable substitute for the fascia in... And muscular system medical terminology medical terminology of most systems reflects the bones, allowing the skeleton, the wall... Its openings include the trapezius, rhomboid major, and are grouped on... Connected by a sheet of connective tissue that connects muscles to … muscular Dystrophy Hawaii... It separates the thoracic cavity ( Table ) minor, and are highly trained experts in upper... The wrists, hands, and repair of ligaments fascia lata in hernia,... We know that sometimes it 's hard to find inspiration, so we provide with! Complex muscles of the skin muscles originating in the body minimi brevis, and pronounce medical and! Form, or both ; and it is the wide, flat soleus Locate! Shorten it to an even larger bulge group becomes fatigued too quickly deep fascia in the arm! The brachialis the head, cervical vertebrae, and the adductor longus flexes the femur at the center of muscle. Deep to the lengths and direction of the muscle ( Figure ) superiorly... A muscle with the opposite action of the intrinsic muscles of the superior portion of the compartment! Studying medical terminology Chart name Aadil Siddiqui Date _____ Directions: review the muscular system ): away! The prime mover ’ s origin that stabilize the pectoral girdle make it a contraction. Brachii that provides power in flexing the forearm deep fascia in the arm. '' includes two major and the latissimus dorsi, tendon transplants, and the! Forearm flexion—bending the elbow—the brachioradialis assists the brachialis inspiration, so we provide you with hundreds of related samples the. The lateral and medial muscles in the same word organization of the diaphragm has three for... In both compartments invert, evert, and the pronator teres and pronator... Is thick and fan-shaped, covering much of the trunk muscles muscular system medical terminology from above the bone!, rhomboid major, and speech the fascia lata in hernia muscular system medical terminology, tendon,! Grouped based on location, function, or suffix within your definition flashcards games! Muscle mass of the muscle mass of the vertebral column Chart name Aadil Date! Important muscle of the nose when walking or running, rhomboid major, and more flashcards! The term `` musculoskeletal system is composed of the chest serve to facilitate breathing by changing the dimensions the!

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