background of ruth in the bible

Like 1Sa 1-2, it gives a series of intimate glimpses into the private lives of the members of an Israelite family. First, Ruth was a Moabite—a foreigner. Your email address will not be published. The family life of David's ancestors is sketched to show how they walked in single hearted piety toward God, and justice and love, modesty and purity towards man. The story is told in the Book of Ruth, part of the biblical canon called Ketuvim, or Writings. Her place in the ancestry of David signifies that all nations will be represented in the kingdom of David’s greater Son. At the border Naomi urged the two women to return to their homeland and their relatives. Overview of Ruth – Gospel Love Story - Focuses on the Redemption of Ruth – inclusion of the Gentiles - Focuses on the Redeemer – Boaz and the Royal Line leading to King David and the ultimate Son of David, the Messiah; Matt. These were dark days, full of suffering brought about by the Her husband’s family had come from Bethlehem to Moab due to a famine and intermarried with the local peoples. He gave her a second, wonderfully gentle and loving Jewish husband named Boaz. Esther was a Hebrew woman who married a Gentile king. Ruth, biblical character, a woman who after being widowed remains with her husband’s mother. (For groups who don’t know B. Ruth does site its setting with the time of the Judges (“when the judges judged” myfpvh fpv ymyB ) (1:1), and probably occurred toward the end of the period: 1. Yet, Ruth was different. Ruth was born of a Moab ethnic background. Bible Study: Book of Ruth Chapter 3. When movements in space, time and circumstance all correspond in some way, a harmony results that both satisfies the reader’s artistic sense and helps open doors to understanding. The Moabites typically worshiped Chemosh, to whom human sacrifices were even offered. Such love also reflects God’s love, in a marvelous joining of human and divine actions (compare2:12 with 3:9). Even though she lived in humble circumstances before marrying Boaz, she believed that God was faithful to care for His people. The book is primarily a story of Naomi’s transformation from despair to happiness through the selfless, God-blessed acts of Ruth and Boaz. She, a Moabitess, also was given the honor of being great grandmother to David, and an ancestor in the line of Christ. Ruth was probably a housewife as most were at the time and the death of her husband forced her to go out in the fields and glean for a living. Background of the book of Ruth Most conservative authorities accept Samuel as the probable author of Ruth. Similarly, Israel was transformed from national desperation at the death of Eli (1Sa 4:18) to peace and prosperity in the early days of Solomon (1Ki 4:20–34; 5:4) through the selfless devotion of David, a true descendant of Ruth and Boaz. God is truly at work!”. Would you consider partnering with us? The inner chapters show how Naomi and Ruth make a plan, followed by an encounter between Ruth and Boaz, followed by Naomi and Ruth rejoicing. She is the great-grandmother of King David and hence an ancestor of the Messiah. First, Ruth was a Moabite—a foreigner. Besides, after her husband died, Ruth had to know that the odds of remarriage were small, especially if she settled in a land that frowned deeply on interracial marriages. ... historical background to the Book of Ruth see the discussion in the argument on Judges. Used with Permission. Ruth the Moabitess Ruth was a Moabitess, a member of an accursed race. The book of Ruth is a consummate example of a short story, with a small number of characters and a compact and fast-paced plot in which all loose ends are tied up within four short chapters. Also, Ruth is an example to us of hard work and faithfulness. Your email address will not be published. Evidently even while living in Moab, she had embraced Yahweh, the God of Israel. Like Ruth, we can commit to loyal relationships, even when it isn’t convenient, personally profitable, or publicly expected. She strikingly exemplifies the truth that participation in the coming kingdom of God is decided, not by blood and birth, but by the conformity of one’s life to the will of God through the “obedience that comes from faith” (Ro 1:5). The book of Ruth reflects a time of peace between Israel and Moab (contrast Jdg 3:12–30). Although Ruth came from a pagan background in Moab, once she met the God of Israel, she became a living testimonial to Him by faith. God honored her decision to leave her own country and she is one of the most prominent women in David’s and Jesus’ genealogy. According to the biblical Book of Ruth, Ruth was a Moabite woman who married into an Israelite family and eventually converted to Judaism. Introduction from the NIV Study Bible | Go to Ruth. The Fragrance of Godly Christian Character, The Wonder and the Mystery of ‘The Incarnate Deity’. It's an intimate family tale of misfortune, crafty use of kinship ties, and ultimately, loyalty. Second, Ruth married Naomi’s son, an Israeli. Consideration of these and other literary devices (mentioned throughout the notes) will aid understanding of the book of Ruth. All Rights Reserved Worldwide. Curiously, God is hardly mentioned in the book of Ruth. Most striking is the contrast between two of the main characters, Ruth and Boaz: The one is a young, alien, destitute widow, while the other is a middle-aged, well-to-do Israelite securely established in his home community. What was the relationship between Ruth and Naomi. In Jesus, the great “son of David” (Mt 1:1), and his redemptive work, the promised blessings of the kingdom of God find their fulfillment. Click here to read the book of Ruth as it appears in the Bible. The name Naomi means “sweet, pleasant,” which … Bible reference: Book of Ruth 2 For each there is a corresponding character whose actions highlight, by contrast, his or her selfless acts: Ruth—Orpah, Boaz—the unnamed kinsman. Further, the literary style of Hebrew used in Ruth suggests that it was written during the period of the monarchy. At a surface level, few saw Ruth as … Background The story is set in the time of the judges, a time characterized in the book of Judges as a period of religious and moral degeneracy, national disunity and frequent foreign oppression. The Instead, she displayed undying love for a mother-in-law who truly deserved it. The narrative of Ruth’s story is rather brief. Doing the right thing isn’t always easy. 1820 Jet Stream Drive, Colorado Springs, CO 80921 • 719.488.9200Terms of Use | Privacy Policy, The Book of the Twelve or the Minor Prophets, Biblica – The International Bible Society. However, several things about the story remarkably defy expectations. The book of Ruth is the story of Naomi and Ruth returning to Bethlehem and how Ruth married a man named Boaz and bore a son, Obed, who became the grandfather of David and the ancestor of Jesus Christ. Ruth Converts to Judaism If you've enjoyed reading an article, why not leave us a 'tip'? Ruth is included in the Megilloth scrolls. The crucial turning point occurs exactly midway (see note on 2:20). He has published a number of books including story and prayer compilations, missionary biography, Biblical character biography, devotional lit, children’s lit, and even stories of Bible translation. What part does Ruth play in Jesus’ genealogy? The author thus reminded Israel that the reign of the house of David, as the means of God’s benevolent rule in Israel, held the prospect of God’s promised peace and rest. The book of Ruth reflects a time of peace between Israel and Moab (contrast Jdg 3:12-30). The Bible records historical proof that the Amorites and Moabites were pushed out of the land of Moab. The author focuses on Ruth’s unswerving and selfless devotion to desolate Naomi (1:16–17; 2:11–12; 3:10; 4:15) and on Boaz’s kindness to these two widows (chs. The opening line of each of the four episodes signals its main development (1:6, the return; 2:1, the meeting with Boaz; 3:1, finding a home for Ruth; 4:1, the decisive event at the gate), while the closing line of each episode facilitates transition to what follows (see notes on 1:22; 2:23; 3:18; 4:12). When Should Action Become Part of an Active Prayer Life? Nevertheless, leaving her homeland, Ruth remained faithfully with Naomi. The story is told in the Book of Ruth, part of the biblical canon called Ketuvim, or Writings. The Book of Ruth offers no direct identification concerning its date. These scrolls “were part of the third division of the Hebrew Bible, the Ketubim or Writings. A. Ruth and Esther are the only two books in the Bible named for and devoted to women in their entirety. This means Ruth was from an Israelite tribe. Among historical narratives in Scripture it is unexcelled in its compactness, vividness, warmth, beauty and dramatic effectiveness—an exquisitely wrought jewel of Hebrew narrative art. Redemption is a key concept throughout the account; the Hebrew word in its various forms occurs 23 times. Through the years he has enjoyed teaching on the college and seminary levels and writing professionally. The story of Ruth in the Bible is one of compassion, courage, boldness, and integrity. it's part of the human condition to think we can do it all on our own. As an episode in the ancestry of David, the book of Ruth sheds light on his role in the history of redemption. Ruth’s story is celebrated during the Jewish festival of Shavuot, the Feast of Weeks, 50 days after Passover. Jewish tradition points to Samuel, but it is unlikely that he is the author because the mention of David (4:17,22) implies a later date. The workers in the field are busy and all, Koch seems to say, is as it should be. You as the Bible study leader may find yourself filling in more “gaps” for the students with information you have gathered. This probably was not when Ehud led Israel out from under the Moabite oppression (Judges 3) 2. It may seem surprising that one who reflects God’s love so clearly is a Moabitess (see map, p. 486). The Book of Ruth in the Bible The Book of Ruth is one of the Bible's shortest books, telling its story in just four chapters. The book is named after one of its main characters, a young woman of Moab, the great-grandmother of David and an ancestress of Jesus (4:21–22; Mt 1:1,5). This refers to the marriage of a man to his brother's childless widow. In God’s benevolence such lives are blessed and are made a blessing. In Moab the husband died and the two sons ended up marrying Moabite women. The story is set in the time of the judges, a time characterized in the book of Judges as a period of religious and moral degeneracy, national disunity and frequent foreign oppression. Through the early events of the book Ruth’s mother-in-law, Naomi, ventures to return to the land of her husband in Judah. Fifth, in an impoverished situation, it is common for individuals to look out for their own survival first. In the end, God’s face shone upon Ruth. Events in this book occur during the time of the judges in Israel (Ruth 1:1), probably in the 12th century B.C., perhaps 50 to 100 years before the birth of David. Presently he resides in Florida with his wife, Debra, where he teaches part-time and writes on a free-lance basis. II. The grouping of these five scrolls or books was for functional, liturgical reasons.” The author is unknown. Place in history: Ruth is known as one of the most godly women in the Bible. I would like to make a donation in the amount of: I would like this donation to repeat each month, Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress. an interaction with the background of the book of Ruth. That passage, or restoration, first takes place in connection with her return from Moab to the promised land and to Bethlehem (“house of food”; see note on 1:1). In the Hebrew Bible, Ruth stands with the Song of Solomon, Lamentations, Ecclesiastes, and Esther; together they make up the Megillot, five scrolls that are read at prescribed times on Jewish religious festivals. She was born and raised in paganism. The book of Ruth reflects a time of peace between Israel and Moab (contrast Jdg 3:12–30). She moves from emptiness to fullness (1:21; 3:17; see notes on 1:1,3,5–6,12,21–22; 3:17; 4:15), from destitution (1:1–5) to security and hope (4:13–17). God used Esther in a strategic time in the history of Israel to help preserve the nation from destruction. Opening the Study Spend some time allowing space to get to know each other. The book of Ruth tells the extraordinary story of God’s faithfulness to Israel in the life and work of three ordinary people, Naomi, Ruth and Boaz. Easier Said Than Done? At a time when we look for God to be active through a judge or king, God instead works out his will through the everyday faithfulness of his people. Yet her complete loyalty to the Israelite family into which she has been received by marriage and her total devotion to her desolate mother-in-law mark her as a true daughter of Israel and a worthy ancestress of David. The Book of Ruth (abbreviated Rth) (Hebrew: מגילת רות ‎, Megilath Ruth, "the Scroll of Ruth", one of the Five Megillot) is included in the third division, or the Writings (), of the Hebrew Bible.In most Christian canons it is treated as a history book and placed between Judges and 1 Samuel.. Ruth 1:1 "Now it came to pass in the days when the judges ruled, that there was a famine in the … Ruth and Boaz Meet in the Harvest Fields (, Naomi Sends Ruth to Boaz’s Threshing Floor (, Boaz Buys Naomi’s Property and Announces His Marriage to Ruth (. Meanwhile he was also working toward his masters, then his doctorate in religious education. Contrast is also used to good effect: pleasant (the meaning of “Naomi”) and bitter (1:20), full and empty (1:21), and the living and the dead (2:20). However, several things about the story remarkably defy expectations. The book contains the inner and spiritual background of the genealogies so prominent in Scripture. The only other Biblical book bearing the name of a woman is Esther. The Story of Ruth Ruth was a Moabite princess of very fine character, who became the great-grandmother of King David. Ruth uncovering Boaz's feet certainly seems to be one of the odder incidents in the Bible, but in the case of Ruth and Boaz, this was a uniquely appropriate gesture. Like 1Sa 1–2, it gives a series of intimate glimpses into the private lives of the members of an Israelite family. The Story of Ruth in the Bible Ruth, as you may recall from Sunday school, is a woman who, after being widowed, remains with her mother-in-law. Its main character is a Moabite woman named Ruth, the daughter-in-law of a Jewish widow named Naomi. The priests of Moab were powerful and cruel, and they served an assortment of gods. © Zondervan. The author of Ruth keeps his readers from being distracted from the central story—Naomi’s passage from emptiness to fullness through the selfless acts of Ruth and Boaz (see Theme and Theology). One daughter-in-law turned back, but Ruth, the other one, refused, declaring that she’d die before she would leave her mother-in-law. However the scriptures are clear about the need to rely on each other as brothers and sisters in Christ; spiritually, physically, and even financially. Below is the proof: Ruth 1:2 reads, “In the days when the … He presents striking examples of lives that embody in their daily affairs the self-giving love that fulfills God’s law (Lev 19:18; cf. So the people who lived in Moab were THE ISRAELITES. Steve Fortosis served for six years as youth minister in several parishes. Ro 13:10). There is no such thing as an unimportant person in God’s eyes. All aspects of the story keep the reader’s attention focused on the central issue. Third, in spite of the age-old reputation of animosity against mothers-in-law, Ruth engaged in none of the bickering and sniping so common in such relationships. From the Zondervan NIV Study Bible. Posted by Steve Fortosis | Jul 6, 2016 | 0 |, In order to survive a famine, a Jewish family once left Israel for prosperous Moab. She was dissatisfied with the idol-worship of her own people, and when the opportunity arose, she gladly gave up the privileges of royalty in her land and accepted a life of poverty among people she admired. Marvelously symmetrical throughout (see Outline), the action moves from a briefly sketched account of distress (1:1–5; 71 words in Hebrew) through four episodes to a concluding account of relief and hope that is drawn with equal brevity (4:13–17; 71 words in Hebrew). In fact, it … In this case, the fertile fields and civilized background echo the nobility of Boaz, and the serenity of Ruth. The story of Ruth is a story of unparalleled loyalty. The narrative of Ruth’s story is rather brief. Whether you can help a little, or a lot, we really appreciate your support! 1:5 – Obed then to Jesse then to David. Ruth, however, humbly combed sweltering, harvested fields for bits of grain she could take home to Naomi each evening. The Inspirational Team. Ruth Chapter 3: Rewards through Refining . Required fields are marked *, People don't like asking for help. It's with this last point that we speak to you today. Ten years later, tragedy struck again and the two sons also died. Fourth, the natural longing of a person is to remain in their homeland, among relatives, friends, and accustomed surroundings. But this rest would continue only so long as those who participated in the kingdom—prince and people alike—reflected in their daily lives the selfless love exemplified by Ruth and Boaz. Do Not Be Anxious About Anything. I. Ruth’s Background – Loyal Commitment as a Converted Gentile. The importance of faithful love in human relationships among God’s kingdom people is powerfully underscored. With this in mind we ask you to consider helping us out. Ruth is a book for all times, whether written in post‑exilic days or based upon very old oral traditions. The book of Ruth is a Hebrew short story, told with consummate skill. The story is set in the time of the judges, a time characterized in the book of Judges as a period of religious and moral degeneracy, national disunity and frequent foreign oppression. 2–4). Ruth is one of just two women in the Hebrew Bible (with Esther) to have a book named after her. Ruth (/ r uː θ /; Hebrew: רוּת ‎, Modern: RÅ«t, Tiberian: Rūṯ) is the person after whom the Book of Ruth is named. There is a concept in Jewish law called yibum. It also presents a delightful account of the remnant of true faith and piety in the period of the judges, relieving an otherwise wholly dark picture of that era. Leaders such as Moses had warned Israel resoundingly against marrying foreigners, yet here was a rare exception which had the seal of God’s approval. The events of Ruth occurred sometime between 1160 BC and 1100 BC, during the latter period of the judges (Ruth 1:1). Click here if you want to read the whole story of Ruth with some midrashic background (as I have related it above). In our society, even friends, spouses, and relatives sometimes betray one another, seemingly without remorse. Without your support, this invaluable archive may one day cease to be. by I Gordon 'Anyone can sing in the day. © 2011-2020 Biblica. If you regularly enjoy our content, would you consider partnering with us? The Moabites typically worshiped Chemosh, to whom human sacrifices were even offered. The grief-stricken mother, Naomi, then left Moab for Israel with h. er two daughters in law. It then progresses with the harvest season, when the fullness of the land is gathered in. ... Two passages from the Torah give the background of the festival (emphasis added): ... Ruth Bible Study. Uncompromising loyalty is rare and should be greatly treasured. Inspirational Christians takes a lot of time, effort, and money to keep running. At the birth of Ruth’s son, the women of Bethlehem exclaimed to Naomi, “…your daughter-in-law, who loves you, is better to you than seven sons…” And they were so right. Doing the Right Thing Often Takes Great Sacrifice. Ruth, a childless widow at the beginning of the story, became the great-grandmother of Israel’s great king, David. Charles Savelle Center Point Bible Institute 2 The dating of the writing of the book is tied to the issue of authorship but more significantly to the genealogy which closes the book. Ruth is the festal scroll for Shavuot, the Feast of … Boaz and Ruth give birth to Oved, who gives birth to Jesse, who gives birth to David, who is the ancestor of Moshiach. Finally, the story of Naomi’s family … It is set in the time of the judges — not the best ones, if we assign it to the period of Gideon and Samson — and it attempts to define the rights of widows and aliens within a society fallen upon hard times. 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